Ποιὸς μπορεῖ νὰ σωθεῖ; – Anthony Bloom.

Εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ Πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ Υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ Ἁγίου Πνεύματος.

Ἄν εἶναι τόσο σκληροί, τόσο ἀπόλυτα ἀκριβεῖς οἱ λόγοι τοῦ Εὐαγγελίου, ποιὸς μπορεῖ τότε νὰ σωθεῖ; Αὐτὴ εἶναι ἡ ἐρώτηση ποὺ ἔκαναν οἱ Ἀπόστολοι στὸν Κύριο, καὶ ἡ ἀπάντηση Του ἦταν ταυτόχρονα ἐνθαρρυντικὴ κι ἐπίσης τόσο ἀποκαρδιωτικὴ, γιὰ ἐκείνους ποὺ ἐπιθυμοῦν νὰ ἐπιτύχουν πράγματα μὲ τὶς δικές τους δυνάμεις. Εἶπε ὅτι αὐτὰ ποὺ εἶναι ἀδύνατα γιὰ τοὺς ἀνθρώπους, εἶναι δυνατὰ γιὰ τὸν Θεό. Ὑπάρχει μιὰ παραβίαση τῆς συνέχειας ποὺ ὑπῆρχε ἀνάμεσα στὰ οὐράνια καὶ τὰ γήινα· τὰ γήϊνα πράγματα ποτὲ δὲν φτάνουν στὸ σημεῖο νὰ γίνουν οὐράνια· ὁ οὐρανὸς πρέπει νὰ ἔλθει σ΄ἐμᾶς γιὰ νὰ γεμίσουμε μὲ τὴν χάρη τοῦ οὐρανοῦ. Τὸ Πνεῦμα δὲν εἶναι τὸ πιὸ σημαντικὸ σημεῖο στὴν ψυχὴ μας, ἡ ζωὴ τῆς αἰωνιότητας δὲν εἶναι ἡ πληρότητα ὁλόκληρης τῆς ζωῆς. Τὰ πράγματα τοῦ Θεοῦ εἶναι θεϊκὰ καὶ μποροῦμε μόνο νὰ τὰ δεχόμαστε, νὰ τὰ κατέχουμε σὰν δῶρο, ὄχι νὰ τὰ φτάνουμε ἤ νὰ τὰ κατακτᾶμε ἁπλὰ μεγαλώνοντας γιὰ νὰ φτάσουμε τὸν οὐρανό· ὅταν προσπαθοῦμε νὰ τὸ κάνουμε, χτίζουμε ἕναν καινούργιο Πύργο τῆς Βαβέλ, πηγαίνουμε σὲ λάθος κατεύθυνση καὶ
δὲν φθάνουμε στὸν οὐρανό.

Ἀλλὰ πῶς τότε μποροῦμε νὰ γίνουμε ἱκανοὶ νὰ δεχθοῦμε αὐτὸ ποὺ ὁ Θεὸς εἶναι ἕτοιμος νὰ μᾶς δώσει; Στὴν Ἐπιστολὴ τοῦ Ἀποστόλου Παύλου, εἰπώθηκε ὅτι ἡ Θεία Χάρις εἶναι ἐκείνη ποὺ φώτισε τοὺς Ἀποστόλους νὰ γράψουν ὅ,τι ἔγραψαν, ὅτι εἶναι ἡ δύναμη καὶ ἡ ἐνέργεια τοῦ ἴδιου τοῦ Θεοῦ καὶ ὄχι ἀνθρώπινη νοημοσύνη καὶ δύναμη καὶ εὐφυία, ἔτσι ὁ μόνος δρόμος μὲ τὸν ὁποῖο μποροῦμε νὰ ἐκπληρώσουμε τὸ θέλημα τοῦ Θεοῦ καὶ νὰ γίνουμε αὐτὸ ποὺ πρέπει, πολίτες τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, υἱοὶ τοῦ Θεοῦ ἐξ υἱοθεσίας, εἶναι νὰ μπορέσουμε νὰ δεχθοῦμε τὴν χάρη τοῦ Θεοῦ ποὺ δίνεται τόσο ἐλεύθερα, τόσο γενναιόδωρα, ἀλλὰ ποὺ λαμβάνουμε σπάνια ἐπειδὴ εἴμαστε στενόκαρδοι καὶ ἄνθρωποι κλειστοί. Πρέπει νὰ μάθουμε ν’ἀνοιγόμαστε, νὰ γινόμαστε δεκτικοὶ καὶ αὐτὸ ἐννοοῦσε ὁ Ἀπόστολος Παῦλος ὅταν ἔλεγε, με τὰ λόγια ποὺ ὁ ἴδιος ὁ Κύριος τὸν εἶχε φωτίσει νὰ πεῖ: «Ἡ δύναμη Μου διακηρύσσεται μέσα ἀπὸ τὴν ἀδυναμία σου». Μόνο ἄν γίνουμε δεκτικοὶ τῆς χάριτος, τότε ἡ θεϊκὴ δύναμη μπορεῖ νὰ ἐνεργοποιηθεῖ, διαφορετικὰ βάζουμε ἐμπόδια στὸν δρόμο τῆς θεϊκῆς ἐνέργειας.

Ἀλλὰ δὲν εἶναι μόνο θέμα ἀδυναμίας. Ὅλοι μας εἴμαστε ἀδύναμοι, ἀλλὰ δὲν εἴμαστε ὅλοι δεκτικοὶ τῆς χάριτος· ὑπάρχει ἕνας ἰδιαίτερος τρόπος νὰ γίνουμε ἀδύναμοι γιὰ νὰ γίνουμε δεκτικοί καὶ θὰ προσπαθήσω νὰ τὸ ἐξηγήσω ἤ νὰ ἀναφερθῶ σ’αὐτὸ μὲ τρία παραδείγματα.

Τὸ πρῶτο δὲν ἀπέχει ὅσο φαίνεται ἀπὸ τὴν συγκεκριμένη, αὐστηρὴ πραγματικότητα. Ἄν θυμᾶστε ὅτι στὴν Γραφή, ἡ λέξη « Πνεῦμα», σημαίνει τὸ φύσημα τοῦ ἀνέμου, τὸ φύσημα τοῦ Θεοῦ, ἡ ἐνέργεια Του, τότε αὐτὸ τὸ παράδειγμα ἴσως νὰ ἔχει νόημα: ὅταν ὁδηγοῦμε μιὰ βάρκα, εἴμαστε ἱκανοὶ νὰ τὴν κατευθύνουμε χάρη στὸν ἄνεμο ποὺ φυσάει· ὅταν ἀνοίγουμε τὸ πανὶ, τότε ἐκεῖνο ἁρπάζει τὸν ἄνεμο ἐπειδὴ εἶναι εὐαίσθητο, προσαρμόζεται εὔκολα, ἐπειδὴ μπορεῖ νὰ κατευθύνεται ἀπὸ τὸν ἄνεμο πρὸς κάθε κατεύθυνση. Πρέπει μοναχὰ νὰ μάθουμε νὰ τὸ χειριζόμαστε γιὰ νὰ ἐγκλωβίσουμε τὸν ἄνεμο. Αὐτὴ εἶναι μιὰ πρώτη μορφὴ ἀδυναμίας ποὺ μᾶς βοηθάει στὴν ἀναζήτηση τοῦ Θεοῦ, νὰ προσαρμοζόμαστε εὔκολα καὶ νὰ μαθαίνουμε νὰ δεχόμαστε τὸν ἄνεμο ὅπου φυσάει, ὅπου τὸ πνεῦμα πνέει καὶ ν’ ἀνοιγόμαστε μὲ τέτοιον τρόπο ὥστε νὰ γεμίζουμε ἀπ’ αὐτόν, ὥστε νὰ ἐπιτρέψουμε στὸ Πνεῦμα τὸ ἴδιο νὰ κατευθύνει τὴ ρότα τοῦ καραβιοῦ μας. Ἀλλὰ πολὺ συχνὰ ἡ ἀδυναμία μας παραμένει κι ὅμως προσπαθοῦμε νὰ εἴμαστε νευρικοὶ καὶ συνετοὶ καὶ ἐνεργητικοὶ καὶ ἡ ἀδυναμία μας αὐτὴ
ἐμποδίζει τὸν Θεὸ νὰ κάνει αὐτὸ ποὺ θὰ μποροῦσε νὰ κάνει ἄν μοναχὰ δὲν βοηθούσαμε μὲ τρόπο ἀνάρμοστο.

Ἔχετε βέβαια δεῖ πῶς δίνονται σ’ ἕνα μικρὸ παιδὶ τὰ πρῶτα μαθήματα γραφῆς: ἀφοῦ τὸ βάλει νὰ κρατήσει ἕνα μολύβι ἡ μητέρα κινεῖ τὸ χεράκι τοῦ παιδιοῦ. Καὶ ὅσο τὸ παιδὶ δὲν γνωρίζει τὶ σκοπεύει νὰ κάνει ἡ μητέρα, ὅσο τὸ χέρι κινεῖται ἀδύναμο μέσα στὸ χέρι της, πόσο ὄμορφες εἶναι οἱ γραμμὲς! Εὐθεῖες, ἐλεύθερες. Ἀλλὰ ἔρχεται ἡ στιγμὴ ποὺ τὸ παιδὶ φαντάζεται πῶς γνωρίζει τὶ σκοπεύει νὰ κάνει ἡ μητέρα του καὶ νοιώθοντας ἀβοήθητο, σπρώχνει,τραβάει καὶ οἱ γραμμὲς πᾶνε στραβά. Αὐτὸ κάνουμε συνεχῶς: Ὁ Κύριος προσπαθεῖ νὰ κατευθύνει τὸ χέρι μας, νὰ γράψουμε τὴν σωστὴ ἱστορία τῆς ζωῆς μας στὸ Βιβλίο τῆς Ζωῆς, ἀλλὰ φανταζόμαστε ὅτι γνωρίζουμε καλύτερα, ὅτι ξέρουμε καλύτερα τὰ σχέδια Του καὶ εἴμαστε τόσο ἀβοήθητοι! Καὶ εἶναι τὸσο κακογραμμένο τὸ γραπτὸ μας στὸ Βιβλίο τῆς Ζωῆς. Ἄν μόνο μαθαίναμε ν΄ἀφήναμε τὸ χέρι μας νὰ τὸ κατευθύνει ὁ Θεὸς μέχρι νὰ καταλάβουμε ἀληθινὰ τὶ σκοπεύει νὰ κάνει ὁ Θεὸς, μέχρι νὰ καταλάβουμε τὶ εἶναι οἱ γραμμὲς καὶ τὸ τελικὸ σχέδιο! Ἀλλὰ δὲν γνωρίζουμε καὶ ἡ φαντασία μας, ἡ εὔθραυστη δυναμή
μας φαίνεται ὅτι εἶναι δυνατὴ ἀρκετὰ γιὰ νὰ μουτζουρώνει αὐτὸ ποὺ γράφει μὲ τὸ χέρι Του ὁ Θεός.

Αὐτὰ τὰ δύο παραδείγματα δείχνουν ὅτι πρέπει νὰ εἴμαστε εὐαίσθητοι μὲ νοῦ ἀνοιχτὸ κι ἐξυπνάδα, μὲ τὴν εὐελιξία ποὺ μποροῦμε, ἄγρυπνοι· καὶ τότε θὰ μάθουμε πρῶτα καὶ μετὰ θὰ γίνουμε δημιουργικοὶ. Δύναμη καὶ ὅρια, δύναμη καὶ ἀπάθεια πάντα πηγαίνουν μαζί· ζωὴ καὶ ἀνθρώπινη ἀδυναμία πάντα συνδέονται μεταξύ τους.

Ἕνας ἀρχαῖος συγγραφέας ἔδωσε ἕνα παράδειγμα πάνω σ’ αὐτὸ ὅταν εἶπε: κοιτᾶξτε μιὰ βελανιδιά, πόσο δυνατή καὶ ἰσχυρὴ εἶναι, κι ὅμως, πόση λίγη ζωὴ ὑπάρχει στὸν κορμό της καὶ πόσο προστατευμένη καὶ φυλακισμένη εἶναι αὐτὴ ἡ ζωὴ μέσα στὸν κορμὸ· καὶ κοιτᾶξτε τὸ ἀμπέλι: πόσο εὐαίσθητα εἶναι τὰ μικρὰ κλαδιὰ καὶ τὰ ἀκριανὰ κλωνάρια καὶ εἶναι γεμάτα ἀπὸ ζωή… Αὐτὸ θὰ πρέπει νὰ μάθουμε, νὰ ἀποκτήσουμε αὐτὴ τὴ μεγάλη, εὐφυη κατανόηση, νὰ ξεχωρίζουμε τὸ σχέδιο τῆς θεϊκῆς γραφῆς καὶ τότε, ἡ σωτηρία ἔρχεται ἐπειδὴ βρίσκεται στὴν τέλεια ἁρμονία ποὺ ὑπάρχει ἀνάμεσα στὸ θέλημα τοῦ Θεοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, στὴν πλήρη ἁρμονία ἀνάμεσα σ’ Ἐκεῖνον ποὺ εἶναι τὰ πάντα, κι ἐμᾶς, ποὺ καλούμαστε νὰ μετέχουμε στὴν θεϊκὴ φύση, στὴν θεϊκὴ ζωή.

Ὁ Θεὸς ἄς δώσει νὰ καλύψουμε τὴν ἀδυναμία μας καὶ τὴν ἀπατηλή μας δύναμη, νὰ ξεμάθουμε τὴν λανθασμένη δημιουργικότητα ποὺ ἔχει κάνει τὸν κόσμο ποὺ ζοῦμε τόσο τρομακτικὸ καὶ νὰ μάθουμε ἐκείνη τὴν ἐπαγρύπνιση, τὴν ἱκανότητα τῆς προσαρμογῆς καὶ την ἀδυναμία μὲ τὰ ὁποῖα μπορεῖ ὁ Θεὸς νὰ ἐργαστεῖ ἐλεύθερα καὶ νὰ οἰκοδομήσει τὸ Βασίλειο Του, ξεκινώντας ἀπὸ τὴν πολιτεία τοῦ ἀνθρώπου. Ἀμήν.

Ἀπόδοση στὴν νεοελληνική: www.agiazoni.gr

Pρωτότυπο κείμενο

WHO CAN BE SAVED?
10 October 1967

In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.

If so hard, so absolutely exacting are the claims of the Gospel, who then can be saved? This is the question which the Apostles asked from the Lord, and His reply was both encouraging and also so disheartening, for those who wish to achieve things with their own strength. He said, this is impossible for men, but all things are possible for God. There is a breach of continuity as it were between things heavenly and things earthly; things earthly never grow to become heavenly; heaven must come down to us for us to be filled with what heaven is. The Spirit is not the highest point of our soul, the life of eternity is not simply the fullness of the life of time. Things of God are divine and we can only receive them, possess them as a gift, not reach out to them or conquer them simply by growing heavenwards; when we try do so, we build a new Tower of Babel and we go astray and we do not reach to heaven.

But how then can we become capable of receiving what God is ready to give? In the Epistle of St Paul, we are told that it is grace Divine that wrote all that the Apostles wrote, that it is the power and the action of God Himself and not human sagacity and strength and cleverness, so that the only way in which we can fulfil our vocation and become what we are meant to be, citizen of heaven, sons of God by adoption, is to become capable of receiving the grace of God which is given us so freely, so generously, but which we receive with such scarcity because our hearts are narrow, and we are closed. We must learn to open up, to become receptive and this is what St Paul meant when He said, in the words, spoken to him by the Lord Himself. «My power is made manifest in weakness». It is only when we become receptive that the divine power can become active, otherwise we block the way to God’s actions. But it is not only weakness. We all are weak, but we are not at all receptive; there is a special way in which we
must become weak in order to be receptive and I will try to explain it or to hint at it by three examples.

The first is not far as it may seem from concrete, strict reality. If you remember that in Scripture, the word which we read “The Spirit” means the blowing of the wind, the blowing of God, the action of God, then this example will perhaps make sense: when we sail a boat, we become capable of directing it thanks to the wind that blows; if we display a sail, this sail is capable of catching the wind because it is frail, because it is supple, because it can be directed into any direction by the wind himself. We must only learn so to dispose it as to catch the wind. This is a first type of frailty which is helpful for us in our search of God, be supple and yet learn to be perceptive where the wind blows, where the spirit breeze and open wide so as to be filled with it, so as to allow to be filled with it, so as to allow the Spirit Himself to direct the course of our boat. But very often our weakness is still there and yet we try to be strung and wise and active and it prevents God from doing what He could
easily do if only we did not help in an untimely way. You have certainly seen how a little child is given his first lessons in writing: a pencil is put into his hand, the mother takes both the little hand and the pencil into hers and moves. And so long as the child does not know what the mother intends to do, as long the hand is limped in the mother’s hand how beautiful are the lines! Straight, free. But a moment comes when the child imagines that he knows what the mother intends to do and then the child becomes helpful, it pushes and it pulls and the lines go wrong. This is also what we do continuously: the Lord is trying to direct our hand, to make us write the right story of our life in the Book of Life, but we imagine that we know better, that we know exactly what He intends and we are so helpful! And so ugly is the writ in this Book of Life. If only we can learn to have our hand directed until we truly understand what God means to do, until we truly understand what the lines are and what the writ is!
But we do not and our imaginary, our very frail strength appears to be strong enough to blur what God is writing with His hand. These two examples show that we must be frail with intelligence, frail with open mind, frail with all the suppleness we are capable of, watchful; and then we will learn first and become creative afterwards. Strength and limitation, strength and deadness always go together; life and frailty are always associated to each other.

An old writer gave an example of this when he said: look at an oak, how strong and powerful, and yet, how little life there is in the trunk and how protected, and yet imprisoned this life is by the trunk; and look at the vine: how frail the little branches and the terminal twigs are, and they are full of life… This is what we must learn, to acquire this wide, this intelligent understanding, weakness and frailty, to discern the pattern of the divine writ and then, the salvation comes because salvation lies in the perfect harmony there is between the will of God and the will of man, the full harmony between Him who is all things, and us, who are called to become partakers of the divine nature, partakers of the life divine.

May God grant us to overgrow our weakness and our illusory strength, to unlearn the false creativeness that has made the world in which we live so frightening, and to learn that alert, vigilant suppleness and frailty through which God can work freely and build the Kingdom of God, beginning and within the city of man. Amen.

Anthony Bloom (Metropolitan of Sourozh (1914- 2003))
www.mitras.ru, 1967

Η/Υ ΠΗΓΗ:
Αγία Ζώνη.gr: 24 Νοεμβρίου 2018

Κατηγορίες: Γενικά, Λειτουργικά, εορτολογικά, Νεοελληνική απόδοση Ύμνων, Συναξάρια. Προσθήκη στους σελιδοδείκτες.